Waar is je velo? Buiten staan. Over fragmentarische antwoorden met infinitieven in Maldegems dialect

TitleWaar is je velo? Buiten staan. Over fragmentarische antwoorden met infinitieven in Maldegems dialect
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsOosterhof, A., & Rys K.
JournalNederlandse Taalkunde
Volume21
Issue1
Start Page1
Pagination1-30
Date Published03/2016
Type of ArticleResearch article
ISSN1384-5845
Keywordsellipsis, fragment answers, infinitival tense, microvariation
Abstract

This paper describes the properties of a construction in a specific Flemish dialect, in which infinitives are used in fragment answers in contexts where this would be unacceptable in Standard Dutch or other varieties. Questions such as Waar is mijn bril? ‘Where are my glasses?’ and Waar is je velo? ‘Where is your bicycle?’ can be answered in this dialect with infinitival constructions such as Op tafel liggen ‘layINF on the table’ and buiten staan ‘standINF outside’. We apply an analysis of fragment answers in terms of ellipsis (based on Merchant 2004) to these infinitival constructions. However, we find fragment answers with infinitives in contexts where the assumption of ellipsis is highly problematic, since there is no plausible underlying structure available in the dialect. We show that the construction has extended its use to contexts in which the infinitive independently expresses the tense features of the sentence. The description of the properties and restrictions of the construction is based on a survey in which more than thirty speakers were tested for their judgements of fragment answers depending on the features in the grammatical context of the infinitive.

DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.5117/NEDTAA2016.1.OOST
Short TitleWaar is je velo? Buiten staan.
Refereed DesignationRefereed